Net Price vs List Price | The Difference Between Two Concepts

Net Price vs List Price | The Difference Between Two Concepts

by Prisync
May 30, 2024

The first thing any business owner or a merchant learns entering the market is that price is never just one particular number.

Price is actually such a multileveled matter that, in many ways, sound price management determines the overall success of the enterprise. From this point, the difference between net price and list price and balancing between them is the primary skill for any merchant.

However, there is a pretty common belief in the modern market that most businesses don’t really feel the difference and impact of the correlation between the list and net prices.

In fact, due to the constantly rising competition, even the slightest strategic move in this field can become a huge advantage in front of competitors.

In this article, we shall discuss the true meaning and difference between net price and list price. And explore the tools, possibilities, and benefits of their sound correlation for your business.

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What is the list price, and why does it matter?

The list price is the amount of money a customer is supposed to pay for the product or service before any possible discounts. You may call it the “Headline” price. In other words, a list price is the highest possible price a customer would have to pay if he buys from you. 

What is the meaning of a list price for your business?

The list price is based on two primary factors:

  • The costs of a particular product or service development for your business;
  • The average price for the product’s or service’s analogs on today’s market.

That is why the list price has another name: Manufacturer’s Suggested Retail Price (MSRP). Its main purpose is not just to cover the product’s manufacturing and development costs but also to generate profit. The main purpose and final goal of any enterprise.

When entering the market or introducing a new product, many businesses prefer to stay as close as possible to their List Price, considering this the main guarantee of stable profit from sales. 

However, this principle works only in the following cases:

  • Your product or service indeed has no analogs on the market;
  • The demand and value of your product or service are so high that customers don’t expect discounts, bargains, or sales.

In fact, several brands, particularly in the luxury segment, have adopted such a pricing policy and even made it their distinctive feature on the market.

However, the market is changing and developing, constantly offering customers new options every day. Therefore, no brand, whether new or well-established, can exist in a vacuum in the modern market.

This is where the true nature, purpose, and significance of net price become apparent.

What is the net price, and why does it matter?

The net price is the final and actual price for your product/ service that a customer would pay after all the discount and promo reductions. 

As a matter of fact, most sales that any business does happen according to the net price simply due to the way the modern market operates. Any deal made today considers wholesale channels, promos that help to introduce a new product on the market, seasonal and other discounts for customers, etc.

Why does net price matter?

The profit margin is directly related to the company’s price management. The correlation between list price and net price determines whether the business will turn a profit naturally, being a full-fledged competitor, or struggle, altering its reputation in the eyes of customers and business partners.

While sticking as close to the List Price as possible might seem like a win-win situation. The modern competitive market, especially the ecommerce pricing segment, sets the stage where competitors can easily undercut your company’s list price. And perform much better for prosperous customers as well as retailers and business partners at the same time. 

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How can a business align net price and list price?

Proper pricing is a significant yet tricky matter for most businesses. It depends on several objective factors such as:

  • Cost of materials, labor, development, etc.
  • The expected revenue from the sale
  • The desired profit

At the same time, a business should consider pretty variable and subjective matters such as:

  • The uniqueness of the company and products, and its value for customers
  • Alleged competitors` moves
  • Long-term perspectives of the product’s relevance

In many cases, the ability to reduce the price tag and set the proper net price is the only tool that allows businesses to remain competitive in a market filled with analog products.

To utilize this tool properly, a business should:

  • Study the prosperous customer in real-time. It is not enough just to determine the target auditorium. While the world is changing, it is essential to know how your customers and their habits change in real-time. That way, you don’t only offer them a product that serves as a solution but set the net price that meets their capabilities and expectations;
  • Establish contact with distributors. Mutually beneficial work with distributors is the key to successful sales. Through negotiation with them, you will manage to set a fair net price that will correspond to the market’s environment and your own expectations from the sales;
  • Calculate overhead and cost-plus pricing carefully. To understand the possible ratio between the list price and the net price, list all the manufacturing and development costs. Set your profit expectations, and consider the competitors` prices based on the same calculations.
  • Never provide tools for competitors. Price management failure is the most powerful tool for your competitors. While setting prices, it is essential to consider the existing analogs on the market and constantly study the market playfield. Recognize prosperous competitors before they become visible and tangible for your customers.

How to calculate the net price properly

Technically the difference between the list and net prices is the difference between how much a product or service should cost “in a vacuum”. And how much they would cost considering all the inevitable factors such as rebates, discounts, taxes, etc.

Your final customer has no idea about the list price and its roots. Therefore proper calculation of net price is not only a competitive option for the business but its primary way to communicate with consumers.

Here is the fundamental principle that will help you set a beneficial and competitive net price:

  • Make a list of all the costs and overheads of the product manufacture;
  • Consider the desired profit from the sales – you have got your list price;
  • Subtract any discounts you would have to or are willing to make such as wholesale, loyalty discounts, etc. – that is your preliminary price;
  • Apply all relevant taxes and fees that will influence the cost. Those may be legal fees as well as transportation, installation fees, etc.

As a result, the net price formula looks like this:

Net Price = List Price – Discounts + Sales Tax + Fees


Suppose you have determined the List Price of your product as $1000. Selling to a wholesale or loyalty customer, you can offer a $10 discount. Your local government has set a 6% Sales Tax and a $10 fee for related waste recycling.

According to the formula listed above the figures are:

Net Price = $1000$100 (10%) + $54 (6% Sales Tax) + $10 (Recycling Fee)

Net Price = $964.

Final Thoughts

The price management of any business depends on the demand for the given product, costs of its manufacture and development, and competitors` activity on the market.

Theoretically, List Price provides the highest profit rates as it primarily considers your company’s interests. However, proper net price settlement provides a business powerful competitive tool once analog goods arrive at the market. Or your business itself is the market’s novelty that offers a variant of an existing product at a reasonable price.

Technically, discounts that you are ready to offer your customers are the only variable magnitude in the formula. As all the others are imposed by the market circumstances or legal obligations.

It is essential to use this tool properly and offer discounts that would be attractive for customers but keep you in a reasonable price range. Once you remain in the high-end segment, your competitors get a chance to beat you easily through lower prices. At the same time, sticking your prices to the lowest segment does not provide you enough space for maneuvering. Which is crucial for certain market segments such as seasonal goods and services or a dynamically changing market where trends rotate rapidly. 

1 Comment
  1. yes no wheel
    January 4, 2023

    I think the difference between the two concepts is that the net price is what the student pays after subtracting any scholarships or grants they may be eligible for. The list price is what the student is actually charged by the seller.

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